Die Entwicklung der Mentalitäten im nordfranzösischen Montanrevier während des 20. Jahrhunderts
Keywords:Nordfrankreich, Montanregion, Mentalitätsgeschichte, kollektive Identität, Selbstbewusstsein, North France, Mining Region, History of Mentalities, Collective Identity, Self-Awareness
AbstractJean-François Eck analyses the development of regional consciousness in the French coalfield Nord-Pas-de-Calais during the 20th century. ough extraction of coal began relatively early with the first coal mine that has been sunk in 1716 a regional consciousness was formed not until the 19th century. Having remained steady up to the 1950s regional consciousness was seriously disturbed by the closure of collieries and underwent substantial changes thereafter. From 1955 to 1990 collective identity perished until a new mentality was shaped on the basis of a revaluation of the industrial heritage which reveals both chances and potentials of the structural change.